Anti-Aging NAD+ goes down as you age and can be greatly increased with a small pill greatly increasing your energy and improving health.
By Stephen Harrington February 2018
Scientists are discovering new ways that NAD+ facilitates healthy longevity.1-3
NAD+levels markedly decline with age, creating an energy deficit that decreases the body’s ability to retain youthful function.4
To give you an idea how impactful NAD+can be, by age 50 a typical person may have only half the NAD+ they did in youth. BY AGE 80, NAD+LEVELS DROP TO ONLY 1%TO 10% EXPRESSED IN YOUTH.
Deficiency of NAD+ predisposes us to accelerated aging and impedes our ability to fully benefit from resveratrol.
NAD + goes down as we age causing many health problems and death.
Fortunately, it is easy to restoreyour cellular NAD+ to higher ranges.
As a co-factor in cell energy transfer, NAD+ plays a critical role in regulating aging processes.
NAD+is the acronym for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide.
Found in virtually all living cells, NAD+ is essential to sustaining life.4
A fascinating aspect of NAD+ is its dual role in protecting against factors that age us. This includes mitigating chemical stress, inflammation, DNA damage, and failing mitochondria.
At the same time, NAD+ promotes longevity by facilitating DNA repair and providing cellular benefits associated with caloric restriction and exercise.5
In other words, while a decline in NAD+ levels may negatively influence lifespan, restoringNAD+ is increasingly being viewed as a cutting-edge tool to promote longevity.
There is growing evidence that supplementing with a vitamin-like precursorof NAD+ called nicotinamide ribosidecan promote longevity in life forms ranging from simple worms to mammals like mice.5-11
One study showed an average 5% increase in the lifespan of old mice—even though supplementation did not begin until the mice were nearing the end of their natural lifespan (24 months).11
That would be the equivalent of gaining nearly an additional four years of life based on today’s average human expectancy of 78.8 years.12
A rigorous scientific review of NAD+ reveals that its longevity benefits arise from eight different, but interrelated, functions.
This article briefly summarizes each anti-aging mechanism played by NAD+ in your body.
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Anti-Aging Mechanism #1:
NAD+May Contribute to Longer Telomeres
NAD+is required for functioning of the sirtuinproteins that contribute to longevity—and specifically to maintaining the length of critical telomeres.
Telomeres are stretches of repetitive DNA strands that cap the ends of chromosomes. Like the burning of a fuse, telomeres at the ends of our chromosomes steadily shorten every time a cell replicates itself. Once telomeres reach a critically short length, cell renewalvirtually stops, leading to accelerated aging or death of the cell.13
Telomere shortening is both a marker of cellular aging and a predictor of shortened lifespan.14
Researchers have been searching for drugs and other interventions that might lengthen telomeres, in order to extend lifespan and/or health span. To date, exercise and weight loss have been reliably shown to be effective at telomere lengthening.15-17
Certain other nutrients, such as resveratrol, may activate sirtuins and contribute to extending lifespan, but emerging evidence suggests sirtuins function best with an ample supply of NAD+.
Conclusion:The possibility of extending telomere length with NAD+holds out hope for slowing the aging process and improving longevity.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
Restore Cellular Energy with NAD+
NAD+is required for proper cellular energy utilization, but its levels decline with age.
It is also required for eight fundamental processes, each of which contributes to accelerated aging when NAD+levels drop.
NAD+is unstable and cannot be used as a supplement, but nicotinamide riboside is a useful precursor to NAD+that is capable of restoring cellular NAD+levels.
Studies show that nicotinamide riboside supplementation can slow cellular aging and improve many of the metabolic defects common to the aging process, including obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and neurodegenerative conditions.
Supplementation with nicotinamide riboside offers a way of supporting essential body systems.
Anti-Aging Mechanism #2:
NAD+Promotes DNA Repair
Even though DNA is protected by its chromosomal shelter, it is highly vulnerable to damage.
This can lead to broken DNA strands and mutations in crucial genes. Accumulated DNA damage contributes to the aging process and can result in specific lifespan-shortening diseases like cancer and poor immune function.18
When DNA is damaged, it activates an enzyme known as PARP-1that carries out DNA repairwithin cells.19To carry out its function, PARP-1 consumes enormous amounts of NAD+. As NAD+is depleted, the ability of PARP-1 to repair DNA is significantly hindered.19-28
The good news is that replenishing NAD+to cells can restore DNA repair and prevent cell death under stress.26,29In two different animal models of neurodegenerative disease, increasing cellular NAD+reduced the severity of the disorder, normalized neuromuscular function, delayed memory loss, andextended lifespan.30
Conclusion:Improving DNA repair with NAD+may slow cellular aging, reduce the persistence of cancer-causing mutations, and play an important role in preventing inflammatory conditions such as atherosclerosis.31,32
With advanced age, cell NAD+ levels plummet to near zero.
Normal aging may one day be classified as “NAD+ deficiency syndrome.”
Fortunately, there are proven ways to boost NAD+ levels.
Anti-Aging Mechanism #3:
NAD+Modulates Immune-Cell Signaling
As we age, our immune cells begin to lose their focus. Some become overactive, contributing to autoimmune disease, while others slow down, which increases the risk of infection. This process, called immunosenescence, is intimately related to mitochondrial function and energy balance,33both of which depend on NAD+activity.
Intracellular levels of NAD+regulate immune and inflammatory pathways, including the cytokine TNF-alpha, a critical signaling molecule.34,35
Conclusion:Adequate intracellular NAD+is vital for youthful cellular energy, a critically important factor in fending off immunosenescence and maintaining defenses against infections and autoimmune disease.
Anti-Aging Mechanism #4:
NAD+Induces Energy-Intensive Enzymes
A universal feature of aging is the loss of cellular energy, which results in diminished ATP levels and inadequate cellular fuel necessary to power your body.23,36,37
One cause of this energy loss is a breakdown in the efficiency of the electron transport chain, the main pathway through which we extract energy from food (and of which NAD+is an essential component).23,38Disorders ranging from obesity and diabetes to bone loss have been associated with loss of this vital pathway.38,39
Studies now show that restoringelectron transport chain function by raising levels of NAD+is a rapid and efficient means of promoting the essential enzymes involved in energy extraction and sustaining youthful cell function. This helps to reduce physiological decline and provides protection from age-related disease.22,40
Conclusion:Improving the energy-extraction process in all cells with NAD+increases their capacity to do the work they are specialized for. It also protects mitochondria from early death, a benefit that is associated with reduced cellular aging and lowered risks for cardiovascular and brain disease.41-45
Anti-Aging Mechanism #5:
NAD+Promotes Chromosome Stability
Our chromosomes are complex structures housing our DNA. Access to DNA strands for “reading out” genetic instructions requires biochemical control of those proteins to make sure each gene functions properly.46
But like any complex molecular structure, chromosomes can become unstable. Eventually, this triggers errors in the ways our genes are interpreted—which ultimately contributes to deleterious changes in cell function and structure. Aging is accelerated in the presence of increased chromosome instability.47-49
The enzymes involved in sustaining stable chromosomal structuresrequire NAD+in order to function properly.
In animal models showing that NAD+contributes to longevity, a major factor has been shown to be sufficient availability of the nutrient.46,50,51And studies show that when enzymes that require NAD+are inactive, chromosome structure suffers and cells replicate abnormally.50
Conclusion:NAD+supplementation is a promising cutting edge strategy to improve chromosome stability, a treatment that may slow down cellular aging (senescence) and lower the risk of cancer.
Anti-Aging Mechanism #6:
NAD+Is a Neurotransmitter
Neurotransmitters are brain chemicals that relay signals between nerve cells. In doing so, they help regulate body-wide functions such as mood, appetite, and stress.
NAD+has been found to meet all criteria for a neurotransmitter.52,53
Evidence for NAD+’s neurotransmitter function has now been found in intestinal and blood vessel smooth muscles, as well as in the brain itself.52
Conclusion:Ample NAD+nutrition appears essential for sustaining brain health.
Anti-Aging Mechanism #7:
Proteins called sirtuinsare major regulators of cellular aging because they influence fundamental functions such as DNA repair and inflammatory responses. They also influence whether cells enter a replicative cycle or instead die a programmed death (apoptosis).53
Compounds that activate sirtuins are eagerly sought as chemical “fountains of youth.” Familiar supplements like resveratroland quercetin have been evaluated as promising sirtuin activators.2,54-56
NAD+is required for sirtuinsto function.57-59
Conclusion:Sirtuin activation has shown great promise in fighting cardiovascular disease and preserving aging brain function, but these longevity-promoters cannot function without sufficient NAD+.4,54
Anti-Aging Mechanism #8:
NAD+Supports Energy Production
NAD+was first discovered as an important part of the process that channels chemical energy from foods to the ATP fuel our cells require. Recent studies have revealed that NAD+is itselfa form of “energy currency” similar to ATP.60
NAD+is also a functional signaling molecule in processes related to energy production, including PARP-1 and sirtuins. When DNA damage occurs, PARP-1 consumes large quantities of NAD+, leading to reduced energy production. In addition, high levels of NAD+can activate sirtuins, permitting them to carry out their metabolic and stress-protective responses and contributing to longevity.23
Conclusion:Supporting efficient energy production and adequate ATP levels requires consistent and abundant NAD+. This is critical because waning energy supplies contribute to the aging process.
How to Boost NAD+
NAD+is biologically unstable, which makes it unsuitable for oral supplementation. Fortunately, there’s a solution.
About a decade ago, researchers discovered that the compound nicotinamide ribosideis rapidly converted by natural cellular enzymes into activeNAD+.
Studies show that supplementing with nicotinamide riboside is an effective means of raising cellular NAD+levels.6,22,61
Nicotinamide riboside is readily available for oral supplementation, and it is highly bioavailable.62These benefits make nicotinamide riboside the leading oral candidate to boost cellular NAD+, and research is revealing just how effective it is.63
The Metabolic Benefits of Boosting NAD+
Nicotinamide riboside boosts NAD+and appears useful in preventing diseases associated with abnormal energy utilization. These include obesity, diabetes, and atherosclerosis, which are components of metabolic syndrome.
A mouse study revealed that prediabetic mice given nicotinamide ribosidehave better glucose tolerance, less weight gain and liver damage, and slower development of fatty livers. Similarly, in diabetic mice, nicotinamide riboside markedly reduced blood sugar, weight gain, and liver fat, while also preventing diabetic nerve damage.64
Nicotinamide ribosideis especially beneficial in combatting nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is considered the liver manifestation of metabolic syndrome. Interventions that reduce NAFLD generally improve all-around metabolic health.
Studies in animal models of NAFLD have shown that nicotinamide riboside supplementation corrects biochemical and microscopic liver changes in mice fed a high-fat diet.65,66
In another study of obesity induced by a high-fat diet, supplementation with nicotinamide riboside increased NAD+levels, activated sirtuins, and protected against the oxidative stresses and other damage induced by the diet (many of NAD+’s longevity mechanisms mentioned above).22
Brain tissue is highly sensitive to alterations in NAD+levels.67A mouse study showed that supplementation with nicotinamide riboside increased NAD+levels in the brain, slowed cognitive decline in mice with Alzheimer’s, and enhanced the plasticityin neurons that underlies learning and memory.67
Regular exercise is a panacea for most of the age-accelerating processes in our bodies. Recent studies are showing that nicotinamide ribosidehelps improve exercise performance by improving mitochondrialdynamics and muscle function.68
And in animals that had undergone removal of part of their livers, researchers showed that nicotinamide riboside supplementation promoted new DNA synthesis, cell replication, and increased liver mass—a vivid demonstration of its healing powers.69
NAD+beneficially enhances eight core cellular anti-aging mechanisms.
When these cell functions are impaired, the consequence is accelerated aging that contributes to disorders as diverse as Alzheimer’s and osteoporosis.
Restoring cell NAD+levels has been shown to preserve youthful function—and even reverse some age-induced deterioration.
Nicotinamide ribosidehas been shown not only to restoreNAD+levels in tissues, but also to provide more NAD+activity than can be obtained from diet alone.
Supplementation with nicotinamide ribosidecan slow cellular aging and improve many metabolic defects common to degenerative processes, including diabetes, declining heart function and neurodegenerative conditions.
If you have any questions on the scientific content of this article, please call a Life Extension® Wellness Specialist at 1-866-864-3027.
The A.G.E. Pill is about the closest thing to the fountain of youth that modern science has been able to produce so far. If you’re into anti-ageing and would like to have your metabolic markers return to where they were in your 20’s then what you’re about to read is for you.
Glycation and Ageing
The term A.G.E. is actually an acronym for “Anti Glycation Extreme”. So what is glyacation? Glycation is what occurs when blood glucose molecules bond with protein molecules in our bodies. The pathological impact of that unavoidable phenomenon is the formation of something called an advanced glycation end product. This happens to all of us … slowly … over a lifetime.
As children we had all the energy we needed, all day long. This energy is derived from metabolizing glucose sugar. As our bodies break down the glucose, the oxidation process releases the energy that powers the cells in our body. But unfortunately, a plaque-like residue is left over and forms a coating over the cells. This oxidized glucose plague is called “glycation”.
You can observe the effects of acute glycation in diabetes patients. People suffering from diabetes tend to age faster and along with that, they experience the early onset of degenerative diseases. This is due to poor sugar control.
At some level, the same thing is happening to every single one of us – just not to the same extreme, nor at the same rate. So in short, “glycation” is the result of lifelong glucose exposure – the metabolism of which is essential for life and energy, but it comes with this pathological “side effect”. The buildup of this plaque-like substance also interferes with inter-cellular (cell-to-cell) communication.
The Vital Role of Stem Cells
Now let’s talk briefly about stem cells. When we are young, our bodies grow quickly. We have an abundance of stem cells which are highly productive. These stem cells are the “master cells” in our bodies that are able to transform into any type of cell that we need. As we grow, the stem cells divide and multiply into the trillions of cells that comprise an adult body. Our stem cells also replace the cells in our bodies that wear out.
But when glycation occurs and plaque-like metabolized glucose residues attach themselves to the proteins in our stem cells, they create a kind of “barrier” or film over the stem cells, so that they slowly lose their efficiency and functionality. As a consequence, a cellular “sludge” forms inside the cells over time. The scientific name for this, is “lipofuscin“.
This lipofuscin ‘sludge’ buildup interferes with intra-cellular communication, both in our ‘regular’ cells, as well as our stem cells, so that they can no longer do the job they are supposed to do. As a consequence, the cell mitochondria are damaged – and because the mitochondria are like the “nuclear power plants” of our cells, we then find ourselves lacking energy.
Lack of energy and slowing down of regular bodily functions are the typical symptoms of ageing – lack of muscle strength, memory loss etc. Cell regeneration is inhibited, so that we no longer create as many cells as we lose in a day. This is what ageing is. Ageing is not a disease – it is a process.
To reverse ageing, we need a way to get back to 1:1 cell regeneration and efficient cell functionality. This is how it used to be when you were 20-25. Once you cross the 30 year old threshold, you begin to lose more cells than you create – and the cells that you do have don’t function internally as efficiently as they used to.
When lipofuscin caused by glycation is removed; when the cellular garbage is taken out of the stem cells, the mitochondria within the cells now have the ability to react by creating massive amounts of energy molecules and ATP-providing biological hydrogen which combines with the electrical energy of the body to make you feel like you have the energy of a teenager once again.
It doesn’t happen overnight. It’s a process – but most people are experiencing noticeable result within a month, especially if they drink plenty of water (which aids in the flushing out process).
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) and biological hydrogen are believed to be the keys in supporting the releases of vast stores of energy that are available to your body. Your new, elevated energy can help your cells to rebuild, rejuvenate and provide an environment to work at more optimum levels. Potentially providing support to alleviate the ravages to our bodies that occur over our lifetime.
Science Discovers the Significant Role of NAD+
Researchers at Harvard Medical School and the University of New South Wales discovered a natural compound that reverses the cumulative effects of aging ….. NAD+
In a paper published in Science Today, the team identifies a critical step in the molecular process that allows cells to repair damaged DNA.
Prof. Sinclair’s Uni NSW Team
Their experiments in mice suggest that a treatment is possible for DNA damage from ageing and radiation. It is so promising it has attracted the attention of NASA, which believes this new discovery can help its mission to Mars program.
While our cells have the innate capability to repair DNA damage – which happens every time we go out into the sun, for example – their ability to do this declines as we age.
The scientists identified that the metabolite NAD+, which is naturally present in every cell of our body, plays a key role as a regulator in protein-to-protein interactions that control DNA repair.
Treating mice with a NAD+ precursor, or “booster” called NMN was shown to improved their cells’ ability to repair DNA damage caused by radiation exposure or old age.
“The cells of the old mice were indistinguishable from the young mice, after just one week of treatment”, said lead author Professor David Sinclair of UNSW School of Medical Sciences and Harvard Medical School Boston.
“This is the closest we are to a safe and effective anti-ageing drug that’s perhaps only three to five years away from being on the market if the trials go well”, says Sinclair, who maintains a lab at UNSW in Sydney, Australia.
The A.G.E. Pill is the first to bring a complete NAD+ boosting nutraceutical product to market containing these exciting new anti-aging discoveries:- NAD+ precursor NR and proprietary supporting ingredients – which the body readily converts into NAD+.
The pharmaceutical version of an NAD+ booster is at least 3-5 years away and will likely be significantly more expensive after Human Trials, FDA approvals, and the legal patent process. Many of the scientists involved in the Harvard and UNSW research are already taking NAD+ boosting nutritional supplements just like those contained in Sisel’s A.G.E. Pill.
How the A.G.E Pill Reverses Ageing
According to The A.G.E. Pill scientist and formulator, Tom Mower, it provides four classes of advanced super-nutrients, which provide intense support for:
1. Removing glycation plaque buildup that inhibit inter-cellular proteins.
2. Supporting the stem cells’ internal system in breaking down the toxins and the cellular garbage that has built up and stimulating the creation of new stem cells.
3. Cleaning up and reactivating ‘senile’ stem cells, allowing them to produce ATP-providing biological hydrogen, for energy. Theoretically, this could increase the electrical energy within our stem cells by 3-4 times, to a point where you might feel like you were 20 again.
4. Improves DNA repair processes via stimulating the production of NAD+
This can lead to spectacular results in: weight loss, vision, hearing, blood pressure, organ repair, arthritis, diabetes, and many other issues. Within about 10 days to 2 weeks a person’s stem cells can be overhauled and repaired at the DNA molecular level.
Directions for use of the A.G.E. Pill
Take 6 capsules daily on an empty stomach – 3 capsules in the morning and 3 capsules in the evening, or 2 capsules, 3 times daily. For faster results, it is recommended to “double-dose” for the first month, then back off to the regular “6 capsules per day” maintenance dose.
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